Arthroplasty is a surgery to replace an arthritic or damaged joint in the body. It can be done using different surgical procedures that include replacing all or part of a joint with an artificial implant—resurfacing arthroplasty, which removes only the worn-out parts from your joints and replaces them with new metal surfaces. Replacement is usually used when there’ssignificant damage to the joint.
The replacement may be performed on any of your joints but is most often done on knees and hips because these are weight-bearing joints that take a lot of wear and tear over the years. Replacement also involves removing the arthritic surfaces in your body’s joints or worn-out cartilage then replacing them with metal or plastic.
Who performs arthroplasty surgery?
An arthroplasty surgeon usually does replacement surgeries.
When is arthroplasty surgery recommended?
Arthroplasties are often considered when arthritis has caused significant pain and disability in a joint, particularly if you’re an active person or want to return to your favorite activities. You may also be considered for replacement if conservative treatment options have failed.
What are the standardarthroplasty procedures?
Several different replacement surgeries include total joint replacement and partial joint replacement. A total knee or hip replacement surgery involves removing all or part of a damaged cartilage surface in your knee or hip then replacing it with an implant that helps you move better. A partial replacement surgery involves removing only the worn-out cartilage surfaces in your knee or hip then replacing them with metal and plastic pieces that help you move better.
What are the expected benefits of arthroplasty?
Replacement surgeries may provide significant pain relief, improved function, and an enhanced quality of life for individuals with arthritis. In many cases, people can return to activities they enjoyed before their arthritis began to cause problems.
What should you expect after arthroplasty surgery?
Most people who have replacement surgery report significant relief from pain and a better ability to move around. Recovery times vary depending on the type of surgery you have. Still, you can generally expect to be in the hospital for a few days and return to your regular activities within six weeks. You will likely need some physical therapy after surgery to regain strength and range of motion.
How long do replacement implants last?
The lifespan of artificial joints varies depending on the individual, but most implants last between ten and fifteen years. You may need additional surgery to replace your implant at some point, but this is typically an outpatient procedure.
Are there any risks associated with arthroplasty?
As with any surgical procedure, there are risks associated with arthroplasty, including infection and blood clots. Talk to your doctor about the risks specific to you and your surgery.
Are there alternatives to arthroplasty?
If you are not a candidate for replacement surgery, your doctor may recommend other treatment options such as injections or non-surgical management of pain symptoms. You can discuss these with them during your consultation visit.
When it comes to arthroplasty surgery, many people are concerned about the risks and recovery time associated with procedures. But if your doctor determines that replacement surgery is right for you, make sure to ask them all the questions you have about what to expect after surgery so you can recover as quickly as possible.